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Eligibility and Course Duration Industry Size Industry Growth Individual Growth Best Colleges
10+2 Science + 4 years B.Sc Agriculture / Horticulture / Forestry or 4 years B.Tech Agri. Engineering - - - -

Agriculture is the mainstay of Indian economy. More than 70% of population is engaged in agriculture sector. Country has vast resources of land, manpower and other required sources.

Indian agriculture continues to score gains in output as well as productivity. Robust food grain production assures us food security and national self sufficiency placing us in a position to step up exports of selected food grains. Agriculture is the base for agro-processing industries such as grain milling, edible oils, and sugar. Agriculture provides raw materials for industries such as cotton textiles, jute goods and starch amd cellulose products. Agriculture also contributes in a significant way to our export effort. Examples are cereal exports, horticulture products and newer items such as cut flowers and mushrooms

Agriculture and related fields include farming, dairy and poultry science, horticulture, raising livestock and agro based industries. Due to improvement in technology, agriculture industries are expanding and are expected to provide better option

Nature of Work

A person willing to make career in agriculture field can go choose to work in one of the following fields

  • Agriculture scientist
  • Agri business: It includes activities related to banking and credit land appraisal, grading, packaging, marketing and sales, storage and ware housing.
  • Agro industry: It includes areas related to machinery and equipments, fertilizers, food processing, pesticides and other such industries.
  • Agricultural Education
  • Banking
  • Farming
  • Agricultural Engineering
  • Agriculture Management

Personal Attributes

Agriculturists work in different fields; hence the traits required differ from service to service.

Though basic traits required are hardworking, sense of responsibility and deep interest and commitment to work for the development of the sector.

Job Opportunities

A Job opportunity for agriculture graduates exists in State/Central Agriculture Department, Agro Industries, as Scientists, as Lecturers and Professors,in rural banks.

Courses Offered

Agriculture science is offered as a Four year Bachelor's degree in the Agricultural Universities established all over India. After graduating in Agriculture a person can pursue M.Sc. in the field of his interest or can go for Agri Business Management or can fight competitive exams.

Specializations available at P.G. level (M.Sc.)

  • Agri Botany
  • Agri Biotech
  • Agri Economics
  • Agronomy
  • Agri extension
  • Soil Science
  • Forestry
  • Farming System Management


There are 33 state Agricultural Universities, 5 Deemed to be Universities and 3 Central Agricultural Universities. These universities offer U.G. courses in 11 fields.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research Institute is the apex body in India related to agricultural fields

  • Allahabad Agriculture Ins. (Deemed Univ.)
  • Banaras Hindu University,Inst. of Agri. Sc.
  • G.B.Pant College of Agriculture.
  • CCSU College of Agriculture.
  • RCA, Udaipur.
  • Agriculture University, Ludhiana.
  • SKN College of Agriculture.
  • COA, Bikaner.
  • MDSU, Ajmer.
  • N.G. Ranga Agriculture University.

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