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Daily Digest - August 22, 2019
Daily digest is your daily dose of knowledge. There are 365 topics and each day will cover a different topic. It gives valuable information on topics like physics, knowledge, emotions, entertainment & spirituality. Click on archive and view all the topics of the year.
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Festivals of this Month
  • 2nd October Gandhi Jayanti
  • 16th October Boss Day
Dhanteras: -

Dhanteras marks the first day of five Dayslong Diwali Festival. In the word Dhanteras, "Dhan" stands for wealth. On Dhanteras Goddess Laxmi is worshiped to provide prosperity and well-being.

A very interesting story about Dhanteras says: 16 year old boy of King Hima was doomed to die by snakebite on 4th day of his marriage as per horoscope. On that particular day his wife did not allow him to sleep and laid ornaments, gold and silver coins in a big heap at the entrance of his husband’s room and lighted countless lamps all over the place. And she went on telling stories and singing song.

When Yama arrived there in the appearance of snake, his eyes got blind by the brilliant light and he could not enter the room. He climbed the heap of ornaments and sat there whole night listening the songs. Next day he went away quietly. Thus the young wife saved her husband’s life. According to another popular legend, when the Gods and Demons churned the ocean for Amrit or nectar, Dhanavantari (the physician of the gods and an incarnation of Vishnu) emerged carrying a jar of the Magical potion on the day of Dhanteras.

Chhoti Diwali: - The day before Diwali is celebrated as Chhoti Diwali / Narak Chaturdasi. Story goes this way: The demon king Narkasura, the ruler of Prajyotishpur after defeating the Lord Indra snatched the earring of Aditi, the mother Goddess and imprisoned 16,000 daughters of Gods and saints.

On coming to know, Satyabhama appealed to Krishna to give her the golden chance to destroy Narkasura. Legend says that Narkasur was given the curse that a woman would kill him. Krishna granted Satyabhama a boon to fight. With Krishna as the Charioteer, Satyabhama entered the battle field. Narkasura was beheaded. After his death, the imprisoned women were released and Krishna accepted to marry them.

As a symbol of that victory Lord Krishna smeared his forehead with the Demon king's blood. Krishna returned home in the very early morning of the Naraka chaturdashi day. The womenfolk massaged scented oil to his body and gave him a good bath to wash away the filth from his body. Since then the custom of taking bath before sunrise on this day has become a traditional practice especially in Maharashtra.

In Maharashtra also, traditional, early baths with oil and "Uptan" (paste) of gram flour and fragrant powders are `must'. Afterward steamed vermicelli with milk and sugar or puffed rice with curd is served.

In South India that victory of the divine over the mundane is celebrated in a very peculiar way. People wake up before sunrise prepare a paste by mixing Kumkum in oil, symbolizing blood and after breaking a bitter fruit that represents the head of the demon King that was smashed by Krishna, apply that mixture on their foreheads. Then they have an oil bath using sandalwood paste.


Third day of Diwali is Lakshmi Puja: - The third day of Diwali is Lakshmi Puja. Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped on this day. Lakshmi puja falls on dark night of Amavasya. There is a joyous sound of bells and drums from the temple as the man calls Goddess Lakshmi in his prayer. Countless rays of light pierce an impossible darkness for just a moment and the next moment the light descends down to Earth from heaven as the Goddess Lakshmi alights on Earth. An extreme light of knowledge dawns upon humanity and this self-enlightenment is expressed through lighting lamps. Goddess Lakshmi walks through the field and dawdle through the lanes and showers her blessings for plenty and prosperity.

It is extremely important to keep the house clean and pious on Diwali. Goddess Lakshmi likes cleanliness, and she will visit the cleanest house first. This is also the reason why the broom is worshiped on this day with offerings of haldi and kumkum

Lakshmi Puja consists of a combined puja of five deities:
  • Ganesha
  • Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped in her three forms
  • Mahalakshmi
  • Mahasaraswati
  • Mahakali
  • Kuber

Padwa and Govardhan puja: - Gudi Padwa is symbolic of love and devotion between the wife and husband. On this day newly-married daughters with their husbands are invited for special meals and given presents. Govardhan puja: - Govardhan is a small hill in Braj, near Mathura. People of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar build cowdung hillocks, decorate them with flowers and then worship them. This festival is in honour of lifting of Mount Govardhan by Krishna. As per Vishnu Puran, the people of Gokul used to celebrate a festival in honour of Lord Indra and worshiped him after the end of every monsoon season but one particular year the young Krishna stopped them from offering prayers to Lord Indra who in terrific anger sent a deluge to submerge Gokul. This day is also observed as Annakoot meaning mountain of food. Pious people keep awake the whole night and cook fifty-six or 108 different types of food for the bhog (the offering of food) to Krishna. After the prayers and traditional worship innumerable varieties of delicious sweets are ceremoniously raised in the form of a mountain before the deities as "Bhog" and then the devotees approach the Mountain of Food and take Prasad from it.

Bhai Dooj: -

The fifth day of Deepavali or Diwali is celebrated as Bhaiya Dooj, popularly know as Bhai Dooj This day Yamaraj went to his sister's house who put an auspicious mark on his forehead for his welfare. Thus, on this day sisters perform puja for their brother’s safety and well being. Brothers in return give gifts to their sisters as a token of love. The festival of Diwali is not complete without "Bhaiya-Duj"


Karwa Chauth: - Karwa Chauth is a fast undertaken by married Hindu women who offer prayers seeking the welfare, prosperity, well-being, and longitivity of their husbands. After taking bath before dawn, the woman adorns new clothes and takes meal of very selected grains and fruits. For the rest of the day, she avoids food and even water. The fast is not to be broken until the moon is sighted. The woman then sees the face of her husband and breaks the fast.

Good thought :-
Three things are important for children Study, play and extra activity.
Three different foods are important for growing children Grains, fruits & vegetables and dairy products.
Identify three things in yourself Creativity, strength and weakness.
Three things never wait for any one Time, opportunity and death.
Three things are different in every human being Face, Behaviour and luck.
Three things which we should not do Stealing, telling lie and back-biting.
Always be with three things Good people, good thoughts and good books.
Never under estimate these three things Debt, duty and diseases.

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