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Food Techonology
Eligibility and Course Duration Industry Size Industry Growth Individual Growth Best Colleges
10+2 science for Bachelors course and Bachelors in science is required for a masters course. Course duration is 2-3 years depending on the course - - A lower level position in qulaity testing to head of Research and Development department of a company. IIT- Kharagpur and Harchourt Butler Technological Institute- Kanpur

Food Technology is the science of processing food items. As a Food Technologist you will use your skills to preserve fruits, vegetables, pickles, snacks, juices, beverages, etc. Apart from preservation, food technology also deals with manufacturing confectionery, snacks in addition to the packaging of all these products for marketing and shipping. If you love food and want to be surrounded by it at all times then this is the career for you!

The challenge therefore lies in continuously developing new variations of food items, as well as new processes that will maximize its appeal and shelf-life, and minimize the use of chemicals and preservatives.

Aptitude Required

A food technologist has to be particular about cleanliness and hygiene and should be prudent, conscientious and meticulous.

Nature of Work

Food technology is a branch of science in which the food science is applied in manufacturing and preservations of food products. The food technologists study the chemical, physical and microbiological makeup of the food. The food is processed, preserved, packaged and stored according to the specifications by industry and government. The research and development in food technology has resulted into the production of safe and nutritious foods. The food processing industries manufacture a large variety of food products. They include the primary foods like rice and wheat products, oil, sugar and pulses. They are processed to convert into edible form. Food technology courses can be a good career option. There is increasing scope of food technology courses in India.

Thus a food technologists, chemist, biotechnologist, technicians and engineers are generally involved in this industry.


Various programs are available in food technology courses including B.Sc. M.Sc and Ph.D.

For a B.Sc. in Home Science / Food Technology / Food Science, a candidate has to have passed the 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Maths. For M.Sc. / Management, the minimum eligibility criteria is a B.Sc.

Some kind of formal training is essential in order to enter the industry. All courses in this field require a background in science

Food craft institutes and institutes of Hotel Management Catering & Nutrition conducts one year's full time certificate courses in bakery and confectionery, canning and food preservation.

Minimum qualification for the course is the matriculation or equivalent examination in the 10+2 pattern, with a minimum of 50% marks in the aggregate . Maximum age limit for the course is 25 years.

Various Indian universities offer degree courses in home science, food technology and food science.

The duration of these courses varies from two to three years. M.Sc and Ph.D courses in Food and Nutrition , Home Science, Food Technology and Bio-Technology are also available in various universities and institutes.



Employment Avenues

Food processing companies, (for human consumption or animal feed) food research laboratories, food wholesalers, retailers and even in hotels, restaurants, hospitals and other catering establishments.

Industries working on the development of goods and services which convert a raw farm crop into ready-to-use food, according to the demands of the customers.

Public sector undertakings in the Department of food recruit people in this field.

Colleges and Food Craft Instiutes

Excellent scope of food technology courses has given rise to numerous institutes offering various programs in food technology. Some of the best institutes in India offering the food technology courses are :-

  • the Indian Institute of Techonology- Kharagpur,
  • Harcourt Butler Institute, Kanpur
  • Central Food Technological Research Institute in Karnataka,
  • Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University in Andhra Pradesh,
  • Haryana Agricultural University in Haryana,
  • Sardar Patel University in Gujarat,
  • Mar Athanasios College for Advanced Studies in Kerala,
  • The Women’s Christian College in Tamil Nadu,
  • Dr, Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathawada University, Nagpur University,

    List of various Food Craft Institutes are as under

    • FCI, Ajmer (Rajasthan)
    • FECI, University Polytechnic Campus, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202001 (UP)-PG Diploma in Accommodation Operation and Management
    • FCI, Alwaye-683104 (Kerala)
    • FCI, Sector 42D (Chandhigarh-160036)
    • FCI, Lewis Jubilee Complex, Darjeeling-737101 (West Bengal)
    • FCI, Residency Road, Jodhpur-342001
    • FCI, Paljor Stadium Road, Gangtok-737101 (Sikkim)
    • FCI, Lajpat Nagar-IV, New Delhi-110024
    • Pondicherry Institute of Hospitality Crafts, Pondicherry-695527
    • FCI, Pathrajpur (Orissa)
    • FCI, Thuvakkudi, Tiruchirapalli-620015 (Tamil Nadu)
    • FCI, Chetak Circle, Behind Lav-Kush Stadium, Udaipur-313001
    • FCI, Visakha Valley School Campus, Visakhapatnam-530040 (Andhra Pradesh) - Restaurants Counter Service.
    • FCI, Budkal Chawk, Faridabad (Haryana)-PG Diploma in Accommodation Operation and Management;

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