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Combined Medical Services
Eligibility and Course Duration Industry Size Industry Growth Individual Growth Best Colleges
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The profession of medicines is directly related to the well being of the humanity and is rightly considered to be a noble profession. There is no dearth of opportunities in the country for qualified doctors (MBBS), both in Government as well as in private sectors. As the subject of Health and Family Welfare is looked after by the State governments, most of the recruitment of doctors is done at the State level. The Government of India, however, also needs certain number of doctors to fill up several vacancies in several Central government departments. This is done by conducting a Combined Medical Services Examination through the Union Public Service Commission.

Almost every year 200 to 300 doctors are recruited through the Combined Medical Services Examination for the following category of services :
  • Assistant Divisional Medical Officers in the Railways.
  • Junior-Scale Medical Officer in Indian Ordnance Factories.
  • Junior Scale Medical Officer in the Central Health Services.
  • Medical Officers in the Municipal Corporation, Delhi.
  • Vacancies of Medical Officers intimated by any other Central government departments.

All above posts carry attractive remuneration, as are admissible to the newly appointed doctors, alongwith other benefits like House Rent Allowance, Non-practising Allowance, Compensatory Allowance, Gratuity, P.P.F,. etc. The posts also carry time-bound higher scales and promotions.

The candidates are allowed to apply for more than one services mentioned above in order of their preference without any additional examination fee.



The candidates must be either citizen of India, or subjects of Nepal, Bhutan or migrants from a specified country with the intention of settling permanently in India. Any such candidates, as are not a citizens of India shall have to obtain a certificate of eligibility, from the Government of India, to appear in the Examination.

Educational Qualifications

The candidates must possess a degree in the M.B.B.S. All candidates who are yet to appear in the final examination of the M.B.B.S. can also be admitted provisionally to the Examination but their result is declared only after they submit a proof of having passed the final examination of the M.B.B.S. The candidates, who are yet to complete their compulsory rotatory internship, are also eligible but their appointment upon selection is subject to their completing the internship.

Age Limit

The upper age-limit for the Examination is 30 years as on 1st January of the year of examination. The age limit is, however, relaxable, up to a maximum of five years, in case of scheduled caste/scheduled tribe or bonafide misplaced persons, etc, as per the rules.

The Examination

The candidates desirous of appearing in the Examination are required to send along with the completed examination form a fee of Rs 35 in the form of Postal Orders or through Central Recruitment Fee stamps. The candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes are exempted from payment of examination fee. The candidates already in the Government service or working with the Public Sector Undertakings are required to submit their applications through their employers.

No certificates are required to be attached with the application.

However, the candidates, declared successful in the written examination, are required to submit the following documents at the time of interview :
  • Certificate for proof of age.
  • Certificate of educational qualifications.
  • Certificate of being Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (if applicable).
  • Certificate of eligibility from the Government of India, if not a citizen of India.
  • Certificate in support of claim for age concession (if applicable).

Written Examination

The written examination comprises of two papers of two hours duration each carrying a maximum of 200 marks. The examination is objective-type (Multiple-choice questions) and the medium of examination is only English. The topics/subjects covered under both the papers are as under:

Paper-I (Code No. 1) Weightage of Marks :
  • General Medicine including Cardiology, Neurology, Dermatology and Psychiatry 60 percent
  • Surgery including ENT, Ophthalmology, Traumatology and Orthopedics 40 percent
Paper-II (Code No.2) :
  • Pediatrics 20 percent
  • Gynaecology and Obstetrics 40 percent
  • Preventive Social and Community Medicines 40 percent

There are no fixed qualifying marks. Depending on the number of vacancies, total number of candidates and the overall general performance of the candidates, the UPSC fixes the qualifying marks.

Centres of Examination

There are 39 centres of examination which are usually kept by the UPSC for various examinations conducted by it. The centres are Agartala, Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Aizawl, Bangalore, Bareilly, Bhopal, Bombay, Calcutta, Chandigarh, Cochin, Cuttack, Delhi, Dharwar, Dispur, Gangtok, Hyderabad, Imphal, Itanagar, Jaipur, Jammu, Jorhat, Kohima, Lucknow, Madras, Madurai, Nagpur, Panaji, Patna, Port Blair, Raipur, Sambalpur, Shillong, Shimla, Srinagar, Tirupati, Trivandrum, Udaipur and Vishakhapatnam. If a minimum specified number of candidates do not opt for a particular centre of examination, the UPSC may cancel such a centre and allot another nearest centre to the candidates of such centre.

Personality Test

All such candidates as qualify the written examination are then required to undergo a personality test which is carried out in the form of a personal interview. The personality test carries a maximum of 200 marks and is intended to serve as a supplement to the written examination. It is designed to test the general awareness and ability of the candidates in the field of their academic study. In addition, the interview also aims at assessing the candidates intellectual curiosity, assimilation power, mental alertness, balance of judgement and their qualities of social cohesion, integrity, initiative and leadership.

After adding up the marks obtained in the written examination as well as in the personality test, a final merit list is prepared. Due allowance is given to the scheduled caste and scheduled tribe candidates, depending on the number of vacancies for such categories. On the basis of final merit list, offers of appointment are sent to the candidates.

Additional Information

The advertisement for the Combined Medical Examination is usually issued by the UPSC in the month of October, and the candidates are given about 45 days' time to send the applications. The above advertisement usually appears in all leading national newspapers. A detailed advertisement also appears in the Employment News. The candidates should not write to the UPSC for the application form and the form given in the detailed advertisment should be used. Photocopies or typed copies of such forms may also be used.

Alongwith the Admission Certificates, which every candidate receives after sending the application forms to the UPSC, a booklet, "Candidates Information Manual", is also received. This manual contains the sample objective-type test questions for the information of the candidates. Additional information like rules, syllabi, etc are given in the detailed advertisement appearing in the Employment News.

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