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Architecture & Planning Concepts
Eligibility and Course Duration Industry Size Industry Growth Individual Growth Best Colleges
10+2 - - - -

The field of architecture has become an important and much sought after profession. The profession basically is an admixture of artistic creativity and engineering skills.

The design of buildings involves far more than aesthetics and its appearance.

Buildings must also be functional, safe and economical and must suit the requirements of the people who use them.

The role of present day architects is not limited only to the construction of buildings.

Educational Opportunities

Educational architecture is provided primarily at two levels-polytechnic diploma and first degree leading to the BArch degree.

Only a small number of institutions offer postgraduate courses (MArch), and the School of Planning and Architecture (New Delhi) alone has PhD Course.

Many women polytechnics offer Architectural Assistantship course, although in other polytechnics it is open to boys also.

As on December 31, 1997, there were 93 engineering colleges and colleges of architecture affiliated to various universities.

The total intake capacity is 3,858. The largest concentration of architectural colleges is in Maharashtra (31), followed by Karnataka (12), and Tamil Nadu (11).

Duration and Eligibility

The duration of BArch course is five years followed by a compulsory six month’s training in an architectural firm as part of the curriculum of studies.

The entry requirement is a pass in 10+2 examination with Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

In most of the States admission is based on the performance in the Common Entrance Test conducted for all engineering branches.

Alternate Route

Instead of studying in colleges of architecture, students can take an alternative route to become an architect.

Indian Institute of Architects (IIA), the professional organization of architects conducts examination in four parts.

Students qualifying in all the parts are awarded Associateship (AIIA) which, according to the Architect’s Act 1972, is a recognized qualification to work as professional architects like the B Arch degree holders


Only two institutions offer first degree courses in planning viz., the School of Planning and Architecture which offers a four-year course at the first degree level leading to Bachelor of Planning (B Planning) and Guru Ramdas School of Planning (Guru Nanak Dev University)

Career Opportunities

After the completion of degree in architecture many job opportunities are available in governments as well as private architectural firms.

Architecture graduates can start as architectural assistants or junior designers under the guidance of experienced professionals.

After gaining further experience they can aspire to become a junior architects.

IT - Essential

Computers have now revolutionized the offices of architects with the advent of computer-aided design software such as 3D Studio Max and Auto CAD, the entire concept of designing and modeling.

Familiarity with the CAD is now essential requirement for the architects.