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Bioinformatics
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Eligibility and Course Duration Industry Size Industry Growth Individual Growth Best Colleges
Bioinformatics or computational biology is the use of information technology in the field of molecular biology, or the application of computer technology to the management and analysis of biological data. 500-750cr. 5-10%. With big pharma compnies and drug developers N.A.
 

Bioinformatics or computational biology is the use of information technology in the field of molecular biology, or the application of computer technology to the management and analysis of biological data. Here computers are used to gather, store, analyze and merge biological data.

It is an emerging interdisciplinary research area and is increasingly being used to improve the quality of life. The ultimate goal of bioinformatics is to uncover the wealth of biological information hidden in the mass of sequence, structure, literature and other biological data and obtain a clearer insight into the fundamental biology of organisms and to use this information to enhance the standard of life for mankind.

It's importance is unlimited in the genomic era (genome is the complex molecular chains that constitute each organism�s unique genetic heritage). The hereditary information of an organism is encoded in the DNA. Genomics, the study of an organisms entire genome is developed to understand the basic molecule of life which is known as the code of life. DNA directly controls the biological makeup of humans or any living organism. Studying the structure of DNA has made amazing success over many genetically transferring diseases. It is variations and errors in the genomic DNA which ultimately define the likelihood of developing diseases or resistance to the same disorders.

Bioinformatics could have profound impact in fields as varied as human health, agriculture, the environment, energy and biotechnology to advance biomedical research and development. It is being used now in the areas of molecular medicine to help produce better and more customized medicines to prevent or cure diseases, it has environmental benefits in identifying waste cleanup bacteria and in agriculture it can be used for producing high yield low maintenance crops. These are just a few of the many benefits bioinformatics can offer.

The career prospects in the field has been steadily increasing with more and more use of information technology in the field of molecular biology. Job prospects are in all sectors of biotechnology, pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences, in research institutions, hospital and industry. Some of the specific career areas that fall within the scope of bioinformatics include Sequence assembly, Database design and maintenance, Sequence analysis, Proteomics (the study of protein, particularly their structures and functions), Pharmacogenomics, Pharma-cology, Clinical pharmacologist, Informatics developer, Computational chemist, Bio-analytics and Analytics etc.

 
Eligibility&Method of selection

A course in bioinformatics is suitable for those with a graduation or post-graduation in molecular biology, genetics, microbiology, chemistry, pharmacy, veterinary sciences, physics, mathematics, and also engineers, IT professionals, PhDs and medicos. Programs at different levels are available in the field such as B.Tech, Master Degree, Advanced Diploma and M.Tech. Study of Bioinformatics begins at the undergraduate level. The basic educational qualification to enter a program in Bioinformatics is 10+2 completed with science as the subject. The details of the educational qualification for different courses in this field are listed listed below.

Name of the Course Educational Qualification Required

B.Tech in Bioinformatics

Candidate should complete 10+2 with physics, chemistry, biology and English

Master's Degree in Bioinformatics

Candidate should complete their graduation in any of the following subjects  such as B.Sc / B.Sc (Agriculture)/ BCS / BE / B.Tech / MBBS /B Pharm / BAMS / BHMS / BVSc.

Advanced Diploma in Bioinformatics

Candidates having a post graduation in any of the following subjects such as M.Sc in Life Sciences, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biotechnology, Biophysics, Botany, Zoology, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Pharmacology, Computer Science or Equivalent), M.Sc (Agriculture) or M.Tech or MBBS are eligible for the Advanced Diploma Course.

M.Tech in Bioinformatics (Engineering)

Pharmacy graduate, medical, dental and veterinary science graduates as well as postgraduates in science are eligible for the admission to M.Tech

 

Job Prospects

The career prospects in Bioinformatics has been steadily increasing with more and more use of information technology in the field of molecular biology. Job prospects are in all sectors of biotechnology, pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences, in research institutions, hospital and industry.

Some of the specific career areas that fall within the scope of bioinformatics include Sequence assembly, Database design and maintenance, Sequence analysis, Proteomics (study of protein, particularly their structures and functions), Pharmacogenomics, Pharma-cology, Clinical pharmacologist, Informatics developer; Computational chemist, Bio-analytics and Analytics etc.

The work involved in the specific career areas are Drug design utilising 3-D structure modelling and computational chemistry (Cheminformatics), Comparing genetic data between and within species (Genomics), Genomic analysis in an attempt to find drug targets (Pharmacogenomics), Characterisation of proteins and their interactions (Proteomics), Prediction of the function of genes and proteins based on sequence and structural data etc.

One can find work in Pharmaceutical and Biotech Companies where bioinformatics technologies are applied throughout the drug discovery process. One can also take up teaching jobs in public institutions if you have a skill in teaching. Indian companies like Satyam, Wipro, TCS, Reliance etc and companies such as Silicon Genetics, Accelrys and IBM Life Sciences Pubgene, Tessella are recruiting bioinformatics candidates, because it has made a substantial new market for IT infrastructure.

Institutes

Calcutta University,

Senate House,
87 /1 College Street, Kolkata-700 073
Website: www.caluniv.ac.in

Courses offered: Advanced Diploma in Bioinformatics

Examination Details: The written examination of one and half hour duration. Final selection of the candidates would be based on total of 100 marks of which marks obtained in the physics, chemistry, maths, biology/statistics at the plus two level will be calculated as a fraction taking total marks to 40 and 60 from the admission test

Syllabus: Physics, chemistry, maths, biology, and computer science.

Institute of Bioinformatics and Applied Biotechnology

G-05, Tech Park Mall,
International Technology Park Bangalore (ITPB),
Whitefield Road, Bangalore 560 066.
India.
Tel: +91 (80) 2841 0029, 2841 2769, 2841 6034
Fax: +91 (80) 2841 2761
Website: www.ibab.ac.in

Courses offered:  
Postgraduate course in bioinformatics  
E-mail :Contact
Postgraduate laboratory course in bio-techniques  
E-mail :Contact

Qualification: Anybody with a recognised bachelor's or master's degree in any branch of science, agriculture, pharmacy, engineering or medicine with a minimum of 55% marks.

Examination Details: An all-India nation-wide entrance test is conducted and short-listed students are called for an interview at IBAB. There is no negative marking. 

The IBAB entrance test is mandatory for most candidates. 

Exceptions are:

  • NET qualified
  • A GATE score of 550 and above (80 percentile)
  • Corporate sponsored
  • NRI
  • Foreign students

The candidates coming under the above mentioned categories must appear for a personal interview at IBAB
The test will be of 120 minutes' duration.
There are 100 questions to be answered.
The test is broadly based on:

  • Quantitative ability
  • Test of reasoning
  • Verbal ability
  • Basic science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology)

Syllabus: The test is based on the XII Std (ICSE/CBSE) science syllabus

Indian Institute of Information Technology


Allahabad
Website: www.iiita.ac.in

Courses offered: M.Tech in information technology (Bioinformatics)

Examination Details: For BE, B.Tech, B Pharm graduates is through gate score but for MBBs/BDS/B.V.Sc & AH/equivalent there is an entrance test which has objective type questions

Syllabus: Fundamentals of computers and databases, introduction to proteomics and genomics, languages, algorithms and tools, Molecular structure prediction and visualization, computer aided drug design and neuro informatics

Jamia Millia Ismalia University,


Department of computer Science
New Delhi -110025
Phone : +91 (11) 26980014, +91(11) 26985177, 26981717 Ext. 3200
EPABX: +91(11) 26981717 - Ext. 3450 (HoD), 3452 (Office),
Email: hod_cs@jmi.ernet.in
Website: www.jmi.nic.in

Courses offered: M.Sc (Bioinformatics)

Examination: The candidate shall solve at least three questions from each of the two sections. Negative marking of 1 mark for every 4 incorrect answers in paper1 M.Sc (Bioinformatics)

Syllabus: It covers knowledge of mathematics (Xth class CBSE syllabus) and molecular biology, Nutrition and metabolism, Biomolecules, Enzymes, Genes, General English, Computer awareness and general knowledge

Madurai kamaraj university

Website: www.mkuniversity.org

Courses offered: Advanced Diploma in Bioinformatics 

Examination Details: The question paper(duration two hours) will be divided into two main parts Part A(50 marks) & PartB(30 marks)

Syllabus for Part A:Part A(50 marks) will have objective type questions at the level of plus two and degree level. Questions will cover topics from Life sciences, Physical sciences, Computer sciences and Mathematical sciences.

Syllabus for Part B:PartB(30 marks) will cover quesitions upto Master's degree level of knowledge from the subjects physics, chemistry, maths, biology, biotechnology, biochemistry, computer science and other equivalent disciplines    

PondicherryUniversity

PondicherryUniversity Pondicherry
Website: www.pondiuni.org

Courses offered: Advanced post graduate diploma

Examination Details: Question paper will be of objective type with 90 questions

University of Hyderabad

Website: www.uohyd.ernet.in

Courses offered: M.Tech in bioinformatics

Examination Details: The entrance examination question paper consists of 5 objective questions out of which 30 questions would be from biological sciences and 15 questions each from physical sciences, Mathematical sciences and computer sciences

Syllabus: Biological sciences , Physical sciences, Mathematical sciences and Computer sciences

University of Pune

University of Pune Department of Bioinformatics,
University of Pune, Pune
Website: www.bioinfo.ernet.in

Courses offered: M.Sc (Bioinformatics)

Examination Details: The entrance test is objective and subjective to nature in English only. There will be two papers.Paper1 and Paper II
Paper 1 (90 minutes) would consists of 100 multiple choice questions (all compulsory)

Syllabus for Paper1: knowledge up to 10+2 level in physics, chemistry, botany, zoology, mathematics, statistics, logic, reasoning and English.

PaperII(75 minutes) consists of short answer questions to be answered in 10-15 lines each. Ten questions are required to be solved from the given set of questions divided into section A and section B

Syllabus for PaperII: Section A covering areas of life sciences (botany, microbiology, biochemistry, zoology, cell biology, genetics, environmental biology, evolution, molecular biology etc.) and Section B covering physical and mathematical sciences (physics, chemistry, mathematics, statistics, and computer science) at the bachelor's degree level.

SRM Institute of Science and Technolog

(Deemed University)
3, Veeraswamy Street
West Mambalam
Chennai -- 600 033
Tamil Nadu
Tel: 044-24718851/ 24718852/ 23710612
e-mail : srm-b@dishnetdsl.net registrar@srmuniv.ac.in

Courses offered

M Sc in Biotechnology and Bioinformatics
Eligibility: B Sc in any Life science discipline/ B Pharm/ Medicine

Integrated M Sc in Biotechnology and Bioinformatics
Eligibility: +2 or its equivalent

B Sc in Biotechnology and Bioinformatics
Eligibility: +2 or its equivalent

Post-graduate diploma in Bioinformatics
Eligibility: Background in life sciences/ Computer science

How to apply

The applications forms and prospectus can be obtained in person by paying Rs 500 or by post by sending a draft of Rs 550 drawn in favour of SRM Bioinformatics, payable at Chennai.

Address

Admission officer
SRM Institute of Science & Technology
3, Veeraswamy Street
West Mambalam
Chennai -- 600 033
Tamil Nadu
Tel: 044-24718851/ 24718852/ 23710612

Remuneration

A postgraduate joining a private sector pharmaceutical company can expect to get a salary in the range or Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 20,000 per month. Those employed in government research can start on Rs. 9,000 along with government allowances

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